Paper Theory Methodology Independent Variable(s) Dependent Variable(s) Contribution
[c@101453] EIT, ST T-test, PCA, ANOVA, Clustering Legal form (cooperatives vs. non-cooperatives) Environmental behavior No significant difference between cooperative and non-cooperative wine firms regarding their environmental behavior (i.e., proactive, preventive, and activist behavior).
[c@101458] RBV Log.-Reg. DUI, STI, R&D, Firm Size Types of Innovation Wine firms may enhance innovation via Scientific and Technologically based Innovation (STI) and Doing, Using, and Interacting (DUI) activities.
[c@100222] EIT, RBV Log.-Reg. Internal and external innovation activities Conventional and eco-innovations Both conventional and eco-innovation are associated with internal factors, but eco-innovation is more closely related to external factors.
[c@100244] RBV PLS-Reg. Absorptive capacity, human capital Innovation, financial performance Absorptive capacity and human capital are positively associated with innovation and financial performance.
[c@101354] UET, CT OLS-Reg. Environmental practices, perception of competitive pressure Environmental practices, financial performance Weaker competitive pressure is positively associated with the adoption of eco-practices. Stronger competitive pressure positively moderates the relationship between the adoption of eco-practices and financial performance.
[c@101456] OIT, GPT, RBV PCA Clustering Innovation strategy, expenditure, knowledge sourcing Clustering based on the 4 innovation modes Innovation modes are associated with different innovation outputs, some innovation modes better reflect certain firms in three wine regions in Canada.
[c@100245] RBV PLS SEM Brand, service, financial, and innovation performances Environmental behavior, environmental disclosure Brand, service, and innovation performances are positively associated with environmental behavior, innovation performance is positively associated with environmental disclosure.
[c@101465] WCF K-means Clustering Wine prod. (% of GDP), % growth in prod./acre, # of programs in vineology Number of clusters Using data from 2011-2014 classifies 22 OECD countries into one of four clusters (i.e., Innovation Wasteland, Innovation Nirvana, Innovation Push, Innovation Pull).
[c@101470] IT OLS.-Reg. National laws, international laws, distributors, end consumers International market orientation (IMO) The greater the pressure from national laws, the lower the IMO. The greater the pressure from international laws, the greater the IMO. The pressures from distributors and consumers positively and negatively affect the IMO.
[c@100223] RBV PCA, Hier.-Reg. Technological capability, management, business strategy Financial performance Individual firms achieve superior financial performance via a cost leadership strategy. The technological capabilities of mercantile firms and cooperatives are positively associated with their financial performance.
[c@100217] SNT OLS-Reg. Social capital, competitiveness Innovation Competitiveness and innovation are positively correlated. There are also positive relationships between social capital and competitiveness, and social capital and innovation.
[c@100251] EIT Correlation Analysis Orientation to sustainability Marketing innovation choices Wineries with marketing innovation tools are more oriented towards sustainable practices.
[c@101459] RBV, SMT Two-stage Cluster Analysis Intensity, richness, and responsiveness Number of clusters Small firms are more engaged in social media activity than large firms. Firms managed by CEOs with high education levels are more engaged in social media activity.
[c@100220] RBV, OIT PCA Log.-Reg. External knowledge sources, technological capabilities, competitive pressures Process or product innovation Firms that use external knowledge sources are more innovative and their absorptive capacity impacts the use of external sources.
[c@100243] CSRT PLS Corporate social responsibility (CSR), Innovation Objective and subjective Performance CSR positively affects performance via mediating effect of innovation.
[c@101471] GPT OLS-Reg. Revenue, productivity, geography, whether a Top10 firm Mark-up value Chinese wine firms located in famous wine-producing areas have considerable market power and the sector is an oligopoly (firms with high market power determine their prices).
[c@100246] RBV, EIT SEM SC collaboration, innovation capacity, technology adoption, proactive environmental practices (PEP) Financial performance SC Collaboration and innovation capacity positively correlate with PEP. PEP positively correlates with financial performance and positively mediates the relationships between SC collaboration and financial performance, and 2) product innovation and financial performance.
[c@100250] RBV, GPT, OLT SEM Absorptive capacity, eco-innovations, knowledge exchange Firm outcomes Absorptive capacity is positively associated with eco-innovation and knowledge exchanges (KE). KE is positively related to eco-innovations. KE partially mediates the effect of absorptive capacity on eco-innovations. Eco-innovations are positively related to firm outcomes.
[c@101461] QT T-test Voluntary certification Labor productivity, wine exhibition participation Certified wine firms exhibit better economic performance measured in terms of labor productivity and wine exhibition participation.
[c@100247] RBV, EIT Log.-Reg. Regulations, demand, technology push factors Innovative technologies Voluntary environmental certification and networking positively correlate with innovation.
[c@101469] GPT SSFA Labor, machinery, water, energy, fuel, land, whether a family firm, gender, subsidies, diversification Production output Based on analysis of FADN survey results in Italy, smaller firms tend to share more tacit knowledge, locating themselves at the center of KNs. Large firms choose to stay at the periphery, share less knowledge within the local KN in a highly selective manner.
[c@101462] KBV Ordered Probit Firm age, export orientation, networking, ownership, consulting, employing expert winemaker, award winner Whether a firm is an LC Innovator, the year a firm listed as LC innovator for the first time Foreign influence, the long-term presence of a senior expert winemaker, and participation in international competitions are positively related to innovation activities.
[c@100249] KBV, OIT SEM Inventive, absorptive, transformative, connective, innovative, desorptive capacity Sales, profit OI capacities are significantly associated with financial performance. Note: Although not directly related to wine, the classification of capacities based on OI is useful for wine studies.
[c@101467] EIT Log.-Reg. Regulatory aspects, demand factors, firm & technology factors, geo-economic factors Adopting cleaner production (CP) and end-of-pipe technologies (EOP) Regulation and access to knowledge positively correlate with eco-innovation efforts.
[c@103216] RBV, OIT Multivariate Probit Dynamic (absorptive and adaptive) capabilities Open innovation Both regional and company-specific factors affect open innovation.
[c@101457] OIT EDA, NPT Open innovation strategy Innovation capacity Adopting open innovation strategy through collaborations has a higher impact on innovation development and R&D activities.
[c@103217] OIT, GPT, RBV PCA Clustering NPT Types of innovation, innovation activities, sources of knowledge Clustering wineries into four categories Wineries draw on a variety of knowledge sources (i.e., market, government, and educational establishments) to conduct product, process, and organizational innovation.
[c@101464] EIT Hier.-Reg. Internal & external drivers Green innovation & business performance Internal drivers are more important. Green innovation improves business performance and DTC sales capability moderates the relationship between green innovation and performance.
[c@101468] EIT Log.-Reg. Structural characteristics, Innovation activity, outward orientation, marketing strategies Adoption of eco-innovations Business characteristics, firms’ scientific search processes, and innovative behavior are key drivers of innovation.
[c@101343] ST Survey, EDA, ANOVA The business case for environmental management system (EMS) Cost advantage, differentiation advantage, superior operating performance Respondents who have completed EMS cases exhibited significantly higher cost leadership and differentiation advantages over those who have not completed the case.
[c@101454] BAM, MLA Two-stage OLS-Reg. Family firm measures, performance aspiration gaps, interactions R&D investment, R&D variability Family firms invest less in R&D than non-family firms, due to myopic aversion. However, when performance is below aspiration levels, family firms spend more money on R&D than non-family firms, and variability in their R&D decreases due to their long-term investment orientation. Note: Although not a wine study, findings can be generalized for family firms, including wine firms.
[c@101466] KBV OLS-Reg. Technological posture, firm size, firm age, product & process innovation, internal &external sources, innovative effort Business performance Technological posture, firm size, firm age, product & process innovation, internal sources, and innovative efforts are positively correlated with business performance.
[c@100234] KBV Two-stage Probit OLS KB of firms, university scientific quality University-Industry link, diffusion of innovation In Chile, the stronger the KBs and higher the university’s scientific quality, the more likely a firm-university linkage. The results are reversed for Italy. In both countries, the stronger the KBs with linkages to universities, the higher the diffusion of innovation.
[c@100252] RBV EDA, OLS- Reg. Internal, external, and strategy related determinants Export performance Business partnerships, innovation, greater firm size, and effective export commitment are linked to higher export performance.
[c@100219] KBV PCA, SEM Absorptive capacity Product or process innovation Absorptive capacity is positively related to both product and process innovation.
[c@101452] CBT CATI, Clustering, PCA Consumer characteristics (connoisseur, information use, occasion, loyalty, etc.) Consumer Segments Identifies 5 wine-related lifestyle segments: Conservative knowledgeable drinkers, enjoyment-oriented social drinkers, basic drinkers, mature time-rich drinkers, 5) young professional drinkers.
[c@101460] RIT ABM, Conjoint Simulation Co-opetition strategy Consumer adoption and firm adoption of screw caps (Stelvins) The size of the alliance significantly affects the rate of innovation diffusion. As the size of the alliance grows, profit decreases.
[c@101349] GPT, KBV PCA SNA KB of firms Normalized degree cen- trality Firms with stronger KBs are likely to be more central in the cluster KN. The structure of the KN differs significantly from that of BN. The diffusion of innovation in KNs is more uneven than that of a BN.
[c@101463] CBT Survey, EDA Regional Branding Perceived wine quality Regional branding is a multi-faceted entity and positively related to perceived wine quality.
[c@100248] KBV, GPT PCA Clustering SNA Absorptive capacity External openness, intra-cluster knowledge linkages Knowledge in the network is not diffused evenly but flows among firms with larger absorptive capacities.
[c@101455] OBT EHA Organizational & environmental conditions Organizational change & disbanding Large and older wineries are more conservative and less likely to disband, prior change is a good predictor of future change.